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Rusko, demokracie a postsovětský prostor vybrané aspekty politického myšlení Alexandra Solženicyna


Vladimír Naxera


Politické vedy, Volume 20, Number 3/2017, pages 28-44

Odporúčaná forma citácie článku / Recommended form for quotation of the article:

NAXERA, V. 2017.Rusko, demokracie a postsovětský prostor –vybrané aspekty politického myšlení Alexandra Solženicyna. In Politické vedy. [online]. Roč. 20, č. 3, 2017. ISSN 1335–2741, s. 28-44. Dostupné na internete: <>.



Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, one of the most prominent and widely knownauthors of the 20thcentury, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature and also significant political thinker, surely does not require an extensive introduction. For decades, his famous novels have enjoyed popularity among a massive base of readers. We know that Solzhenitsyn’s life journey ranged from a shift toward communism and involvement in operations during WWII to his experience in the gulag and his exile work, his departure to the West, and his return to Russia after the fall of the Soviet Empire, where he died in 2008. This paper does not focus on Solzhenitsyn’s work from a literary-science perspective; its aim is to characterize the most important elements of the author’s political thought, which is primarily present in a wide range of public political journalism articles. The first chapter of the paper focuses on Solzhenitsyn’s critique of the Soviet establishment, while the second explores the author’s attitude toward the West, liberalism, and democracy. In the last section of the paper, attention is given to the third important thematic field –Solzhenitsyn’s view of the relationship between Russia and post-Soviet states, evaluation of the legitimacy of their independence, and of Russian nationalism, which is unambiguouslylinked to this issue.As the author shows in this article,Solzhenitsyn’s political thought isnationalistic, conservative and related to Orthodox Christianity and idea of „Holy Rus“ and legacy of Kievan Rus. In his view hereis no place for independent Ukraine and Belorussia. This idea is shared by number of Russian politicians. Knowledge of his political thought thus contributes to understanding the wider context of East European politics.

Key words: Solzhenitsyn,Russia,Liberalism, Democracy, Near Abroad,Post-Soviet Region,Nationalism



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