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Globálne mocnosti vybrané aspekty amerického líderstva


Peter Terem


Politické vedy, Volume 20, Number 1/2017, pages 11-33

Odporúčaná forma citácie článku / Recommended form for quotation of the article:

TEREM, P. 2017. Globálne mocnosti -vybrané aspekty amerického líderstva. In Politické vedy. [online]. Roč. 20, č. 1, 2017. ISSN 1335–2741, s.105-131. Dostupné na internete: <>.



Power potential and its attributes lay down the fundamental prerequisites enabling a state to achieve the highest positions within the power pyramid. In the case of the United states, democracy and free market contributed to the US global leadership, yet asignificant role was played also by the character of the society and ideology. The aim of the article is to point out to the ideological sources of the US foreign policy that have led to the US rise as the global leader. The study begins with an explanation of the history of changes in the classification of powers, continues with models of power structure and the cycles of world hegemony. Special attention is paid to development of US foreign policy, focusing particularly on several contexts of the decision making process how to assume the role of a global power. This paper is approaching sources of American power in the second decade of the 21st century and outlines the potential and limits of American leadership.The study concludes that the military, economic and soft power resources have made the United States central to the workings of the global balance of power. But the potential domestic decline in the near future could  bring the  lost  of capacity to convert the power  resources into effective leadership. However, the American leadership in 21st century will not look like it did in the 20th century.

Key words: hegemony, power, foreign policy, ideology, conservativism, liberalism, sources of power, USA, world order


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