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Schizofrénia sociálno-ekonomického modelu Číny


Eliška Kačírková


Politické vedy, Volume 19, Number 4/2016, pages 156-172

Odporúčaná forma citácie článku / Recommended form for quotation of the article:

KAČÍRKOVÁ, E. 2016. The Schizophrenia of the Socio-Economic Model of China. In Politické vedy. [online]. Roč. 19, č. 4, 2016. ISSN 1335–2741, s. 156-172. Dostupné na internete: <>.



The study dealt with Chinese socio-economic system transition, specificallywith Chinese labour market and social security system transition. The newly implemented social law (2011) tried to introduce market principles into economy. The aim of the paper was to answer the question whether the transition of socio-economic system of China is conducted in accordance with market principles and to what extent the market principles were implemented in the two mentioned fields. The paper and its outcome was based on descriptive analysis of individual institutions of labour market and social security systems comparative study. Based on the description of the labour market and a comparative study of the social security system of China, the study differentiated between instruments or institutions of market nature and those of socialist nature. The study demonstrates, that China is since the 1980s undergoing significant transition processes toward a market economy. The transition is limited by some institutions persisting from the time of the centrally planned economy. Being a socialist market economy, Chinese economy and its segments, including the socio-economic system, is somewhere on the border of the market economy, with certain instruments of centrally planned economy persisting. These instruments were called "socialist" in this paper. Regarding the labour market, China has made great progress in implementation of market principles. The Social Security Law of 2011 has also substantially changed the Chinese system of social security. China's social security system can be described as very developed, highly transparent.

Key words: China, socio-economic model, transition, social security system, labour market, unemployment rate, available income


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